Stroke: Understanding Etiology and Developing Evidence-Based Pathways to Achieve Functional Outcomes
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Why take this course?
Why is the average length of stay in a hospital setting a critical number to know? It is the main factor that affects every one of your patients diagnosed with a stroke. What will become of this person after being discharged? Will they function independently? Will they need assistance in the home? Can they go back to work or play? Will they be sent to an assisted facility?
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States, and it is one of the major reasons for disability. Now compound this issue of debilitating musculoskeletal and cognitive problems with the fact that we are in a new era of strokes where a large percentage of stroke patients are under 55. Do you understand the implications of a stroke diagnosis in this population? We have new challenges with this younger age that we didn’t have with the older population. In many cases, they need to get back to work, play, and maybe care for children. They will need help getting back to an active lifestyle for a post-stroke period that is much longer than what we have ever been asked to help with.
Details about this Online Continuing Education Course
If you have a true understanding of the mechanisms of injury and residual effects of a stroke, you can develop individualized goals for the best possible functional outcomes for your patient ranging in all age groups.
This intermediate level course will prepare the clinician with the foundational information needed to maximize functional mobility with their clients who have suffered a stroke.The patent testimonials provided by three stroke survivors will have a profound impact on the way you move forward with your treatment plans and view the face of stroke in this new medical paradigm. The information will not only assist you in identifying the needs of your patients from their perspective, but it will prepare you with a strong evidence-based foundation.
The systematic approach to functional anatomy provides the basis for developing appropriate individualized treatment programs. Understanding of the interconnectivity of cerebral function and identifying the impact of damage to specific anatomical structures in its relationship to cognition, function, and behavior will enable you to develop appropriate programs in realistic healing time frames.
As with all comprehensive programs the multidisciplinary approach is the most comprehensive and this program highlights insight and clinical perspectives from a variety of medical professionals such as; a neurosurgeon, physical medicine physician, and a physical and occupational therapist.
Case studies referenced, focus on the specific deficits and rehab measures to isolate function and improve mobility and independence. A good amount of time is focused on tone and the management of tone to promote functional movement. Common gait deviations and rehab solutions address the management of the hemiplegic shoulder and secondary issues that arise from the immobility that need to be addressed in order to have a functional shoulder girdle.
At times it is difficult to prioritize and determine the intensity of treatment to avoid setbacks and progress within the time constraints. This course will provide evidence-based options to assist with making the complex decisions that impact the progression of goals in the hospital, outpatient, SNF or home settings.
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- CE Hours: 12.0 hrs
- Delivered: Online
- Instant Online Access, Color PDF Manual for Download, 365 days of access, Mobile Ready
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View PT, PTA, OT and ATC Continuing Education Course State Accreditation
Highlights of this Online Continuing Education Course
Upon Successful Completion of this course, the participant will be able to:
- Identify the needs of the stroke patient and family members throughout the recovery process and transition of settings.
- Identify the need importance of working closely with an interdisciplinary team and communicate the need for possible medical intervention.
- Identify the regions of the brain, specific functions and the impact of neuroanatomical lesions in particular regions.
- Identify the different causes for a stroke and the growing trend on the younger population.
- Discuss the different symptoms associated with a cortical stroke versus a subcortical stroke.
- Recognize cognitive deficits and the effect on attention and concentration, memory, slowed information, processing speed, executive dysfunction, language and communication deficits, and visuospatial impairments.
- Recognize when a stroke has caused an attention break down and how this impacts the progression of therapy.
- Recognize how the stroke has impacted executive functions and specific signs that can be present themselves during activities.
- Determine if a patient has poor initiation or has had an injury to the reticular activating system and is unable to self initiate an activity.
- Identity when a patient is presenting with depression or anxiety and discuss their needs with the multidisciplinary team.
- Develop different interaction strategies to accommodate specific types of aphasia.
- Identify field cut symptoms versus inattention signs.
- Identify the different types of apraxia and the impact on the individuals motor ability.
- Recognize the significance of cognitive fatigue and the impact on meeting goals.
- Identify the classic signs with spasticity, hypokinesia, dystonia, spastic dystonia and the differences in tonal patterns.
- Discuss the orthopedic and medical interventions to control tone and neurogenic pain.
- Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of chemical denervation and intrathecal baclofen.
- Differentiate between weakness and poor biomechanical alignment versus dynamic tone including co-contractions.
- Identify if this is a true equinovarus or an apparent equinovarus.
- Utilize specific tools and observations skills when breaking down the gait pattern and identifying dysfunction.
- Develop strategies for assessing and treating cognitive, behavioral, vision, and language deficits for improved outcomes throughout the continuum.
- upport your treatment parameters for the amount of rehab that individuals should be receiving, and the amount of exercise that individuals post strokes should receive with evidence-based research.
- Incorporate passive and active goals into your treatment program.
- Develop treatments that promote isolation of movement and control based upon evidence-based research success.
- Develop a treatment approach to effectively manage the hemiplegic shoulder while incorporating cervical and shoulder girdle manual therapy.
- Perform manual therapy to improve mobility and tone, decrease pain and edema.
- Identify the pain generators that contribute to hemiplegic shoulder pain, and perform basic treatment techniques for management.
- Recognize the importance of positioning to decrease tone and minimize long term musculoskeletal complications.
- Incorporate community integration exercises and activities into your comprehensive program.
Learn From the Expert - Laura Wiggs, PT, NCS, CBIS
Laura Wiggs, PT, NCS, CBIS graduated from Texas Christian University with a Bachelor of Science degree in Kinesiological Studies. She earned a Bachelor of Science degree in physical therapy from UTMB in 1991. In 2000, she earned her certification as a neurological clinical specialist. She is also a Certified Brain Injury Specialist by the Academy of Certified Brain Injury Specialist.
Laura has specialized in the treatment of individuals with brain injury and stroke for the past 27 years. She has treated individuals throughout the continuum of brain injury and stroke from the neuro intensive care unit to community based re-entry. She has published numerous articles on the topic of hypertonia, and has presented both nationally and internationally on this topic. In addition, she has presented at numerous national and international conferences on topics in brain injury.
Laura is a guest lecturer for the UTMB PT program, and is on faculty with the Harris Health System PT Neurological residency program.
Witness a compelling story of a Stroke survivors and his wife
- Watch the use of a Augmentative and Alternative Communication System that assist the patient communicate his thoughts
- Hear their story about their personal journey through the healthcare system
- Learn how this rocket scientist survived and his personal thoughts about the healing process
The Stroke Team and the Causes of Stroke
- Dr Rose intro to her clinic and the poem that inspired her to become a rehab medicine doctor
- Medical Expert MD gives vital information for therapists treating strokes
- Dr. Natasha Rose describes her role in the physical medicine team
- Stroke patients are getting younger
- People are coming to facilities earlier because of their awareness and families awareness of symptoms
- Genetic issues that occur in patients including things like Factor V Leiden Mutations or Prothrombin Mutations
- Medical professionals do a mediocre job when it comes to educating people about stroke and recurrence of a stroke
Introduction to Two Actual Patients and Their Stories
- These images are not the actual patients
- I suffered a stroke when I was 28
- One day I had these excruciatingly painful headaches
- The E.R. physicians did not know how to diagnose me
- I desired to get back to work and to get back to life as quickly as possible
- My experience with the healthcare system
- Living with a stroke and recovering has been very annoying
Stroke - Blood Supply to the Brain, Cortical and Subcortical Strokes and Symptoms
- the importance of our treatment approach for getting people integrated back into the community
- What can we learn as OTs and PTs that are going to help our patients have better outcomes in returning to their lives?
- Every year it is estimated that 795,000 individuals who suffer a stroke, out of that, roughly 140,000 die each year, and 185,000 of those individuals have a recurrent stroke
- From 1989 to 2009 there was roughly a 50 percent decrease in the length of stay
- A stroke is any lack of blood flow to the brain, and this results in a lack of lack of oxygen which then causes whole sequelae of injuries to the brain because of this lack of oxygen.
- The three basic types of ischemic strokes are thrombotic, embolic and lacunar
- Noninflammatory Blood Vessel Disorders
- Inflammatory Blood Vessel Disorders
- Hematological Disorders: Clotting disorders
Understanding Stroke, Implications and Treatment
- Cognitive Problems, Attention Symptoms, Memory, Executive Dysfunction, Impulsivity. Disinhibition, Lack of Awareness, Depression and Anxiety
- Aphasia and Vision deficits
- Defining Tone, Hypertonicity and Hypotonicity, Dystonia, Primitive Patterns and The Management of Tone
- Cerbral Spasticity versus Spinal Spasticity, Spasticity Management and the Spectrum of Care
- Chemical Denervation, Intrathecal Baclofen (ITB)
- How Do We Assess Tone from a Therapy Standpoint?
Managing the Hemiplegic Upper Extremity
- One of the most challenging aspects is the management of the hemiplegic upper extremity
- Developing significant pain or CRPS-complex regional pain syndrome
- The occurrence of true CRPS versus adhesive capsulitis, rotator cuff injury, and subluxation
- What is the frequency of pain in the hemiplegic shoulder?
- There are a lot of questions around flaccidity
- Cervical Radiculopathy patterns
- Anterior Triangle
- Elevated first rib
Assessment of Gait from a Stroke Patient
- Differentiate between weakness and poor biomechanical alignment versus dynamic tone including co-contractions
- Equinovarus, true or apparent?
- Understanding the biomechanical component
- The upper extremity during gait is critical to evaluate
- Individuals with stroke are going to have some sort of an increased tone
- View actual patient demonstrations and treatments
Rehab Guidelines, Post Stroke Fatigue, Setting Goals; Orthopedic Considerations, Managing Tone and Improving Function
- What does the research show?
- fatigue, post-stroke fatigue syndrome
- Post-stroke fatigue has been ranked in the top 10 research priorities by healthcare providers and stroke survivors for this next decade
- The components of post-stroke fatigue
- Documentation on sleep disorders and stroke
- Sleep apnea and the risk of stroke
The Occupational Therapist and Preparing for Discharge and Community Ambulation
- Preparing a stroke patient and their family for discharge from acute inpatient
- The importance of structuring their day
- The importance of Occupational Therapy and educating the patient
- Prepare a family and a patient for that first day
- Using leisure activities to help with IADLs and ADLs
Course Test - Evaluate your knowledge
- Use the Healthclick proprietary online education system which provides the online student with:
- Worldwide access to high definition video, anatomical animations and images, and written information
- The highest quality film in the industry, you can see the difference!
- Stop and resume within a course, the Healthclick system will optimize your course based on your device, connection and remembers where you left off.
- Real-time course updates. We are always adding to each courses, updating content, adding animations, these are not static courses!
- Evaluate your knowledge with the course test on any device.
- Print your state course certificate for CE credit.
- Take the online test as many times as need in order to achieve a 70 % or greater score.